Leadership is the usual skills that serve to affect the way other people think or act. However, this period should not focus on anything other than changing people’s minds.
Because a leader also can take the initiative and provide innovative ideas and not just give orders. Nor does leadership equate to an unequal distribution of power.
And even if the leader has the last word, it is teamwork that gives the best results. If you want to go fast, walk alone. If you’re going to go far, walk together” (African proverb).
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The importance of leadership is more than evident in many areas of life, even beyond business it. The leader is accountable for achieving the objectives in a much more effective and faster way.
Leadership is not flat, and depending on the context in which it develops, it can determine the kind of social transformation of which it is capable. Therefore, it has a function within the organization, community or society that stands out for its relevance and influence.
It is how organizations depend on leadership to grow and endure; its great importance lies. A leader will establish good communication and improve the members’ integration capacity to achieve a common goal.
Leadership can also be interpreted as a way of being, directing and seeing how things shape over the years. It is a process of interaction between the members of a group interested in the organisation’s progress for which they work.
In short, the rank of leadership lies in the fact that it is the key to any organisation’s survival. More if it is taken into account, knowing how to guide and direct is its centre.
For example, an organization may have optimal control, proper planning, first-rate resources. It will not be able to survive the lack of a leader who is appropriate for its goals.
It fixes not substance if you are at the top of a large company or a small group of people in your charge. There are particular abilities of a leader that cannot underestimate. These skills are responsible for promoting and producing the best changes in an organization.
It is how these are the qualities that every great leader should demonstrate to take their position to the highest level of performance:
The charismatic leader manages to enthuse the group and chose for that.
Some experts argue that leadership is only one and that, as leaders are people with different characteristics, that makes them different. Others claim that there are various types of leadership with different parts.
Charismatic leader: He excited people and chose that; he believes more in himself than his followers.
Traditional leader: He inherits power, generally because he belongs to an elite family group or social class
Legitimate leader: Acquire power through legal paths; he is the opposite of the “illegitimate leader” who gains power through illegal means.
Formal leader: He is elected as the leader in a group or organization and has the authority to mete out punishments or give rewards, make decisions, and guide the group.
Informal leader: He not directly elected as a leader, so he does not have authority, but follow by the rest of the group members for his charisma and motivation.
Dictator leader: It imposes its authority and decisions without leaving room for dialogue; force their ideas and points of view to the group.
Autocratic leader: He has the power of decision over the group and guides the way forward without allowing the rest of the team members’ participation.
Democratic leader: Encourages the participation of group or team members to make joint decisions, respects others’ opinions, and delegates tasks.
Onomatopoeic leader: It guides the group and motivates through onomatopoeia to generate enthusiasm and retain members.
Paternalistic leader: He makes the decisions, and establishes the way forward, works based on results. It imposes a system of rewards and punishments to incentivize the members.
Liberal leader: He leaves the power of decision and fulfils the members’ hands’ functions since he trusts the team and supports.
Transactional leader: Seeks the fulfilment of the team members’ tasks through a system of rewards and punishments.
Transformational leader: Motivates followers and focuses on them and their potential to achieve the organisation’s expected changes. He is a leader who believes in his team and forms bonds with its members.
Authentic leader: Learn about their strengths and weaknesses, share their opinions, thoughts, and feelings, and listen to those of other group members. He is a balanced leader who seeks diverse views before making decisions.
Lateral leader: He has experience in the position in which he works and leads a group without being a boss; he stands out for his power to motivate, communicate and guide the group.
Longitudinal leader: He uses the authority and power that comes from having a hierarchical position that of his followers.
1. Mahatma Gandhi (1869 1948 )
2. Winston Churchill (1874-1965)
3. Martin Luther King (1929-1968)
4. Nelson Mandela (1918 2013)
5. Malala Yousafzai (1997 -)
A leader is also one who has characteristics that make him a famous person or who commands respect, stands out among others and has qualities that give him superiority to play a role. The leader excels in some aspect (title, experience, knowledge, performance) and is usually a role model for his peers’ rest.